Your Credit Score in Retirement
Just because you retire does not minimize the importance of your credit. How you manage finances during retirement can impact your credit and thus your ability to borrow or increase your pay interest rates. Your credit reports track your personal history of borrowing money and repaying it, including loans and credit card accounts active in the past 10 years, even if the loans are fully paid off, or the accounts are closed. They also record major financial events, including foreclosures, repossessions, and bankruptcies. Some retirees make the mistake of thinking they can forget about their credit scores. However, in the average 30-year span of retirement, some unexpected situations may arise in which a new loan or line of credit could be helpful, and the best options and rates will come with higher credit scores. In addition, credit scores can affect finances beyond new loans and credit card rates. Here are a few ways low credit scores can cost retirees money:
- Higher interest rates. Many credit card issuers monitor credit scores for "account management" purposes. Card companies can alter the terms of your agreement by lowering your credit limit, increasing interest rates, or even closing your account if your scores decline significantly.
- Increased insurance expenses. Auto and homeowners' insurance companies use your credit report to generate a type of specialized insurance score, which determines the rates they charge you. A decreased credit score could trigger higher insurance premiums.
- Security deposits. Renting construction gear or other equipment for a DIY project or a Wi-Fi router or DVR from the cable company can require a credit check. A credit score that is only fair to good might not prevent you from getting the rental, but it could trigger a higher security deposit than required for higher credit scores.
- Pay off debt. Make it a priority to minimize debt before you retire, whether it's credit card debt, past-due bills, car loans, or your mortgage. This will immediately improve your credit score and will help you enter retirement worry-free.
- Maintain existing credit card accounts. It's a good move to minimize credit card debt in retirement, but closing accounts will negatively affect your credit history. The length of your history accounts for up to 15% of your credit score. Even if the balance is zero, consider keeping the account open, as it will improve your credit history and score.
- Check your credit reports regularly. Many websites, such as com, allow you to check your credit once per year for free. Regularly check your score to see where you currently stand, the accuracy of the information in the report, what's impacting your credit score, and any steps needed to improve it.
- Pay your bills on time. Just one 30-day payment delinquency could account for a 90-to-110-point credit score drop.
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